Theme 2: GIS data





-as unique entities

  • if there’s good basic data in place, that attracts participation


  • data exchange



  • asking Qs of the data

What makes a valid data set?

QR Codes

Ghent/Antwerp Georeference

DIfferent kinds + levels of data


Julia and Charlotte diagram:


  • inclusiveness( in terms of sources): anything can be a TRACE of cinema experience


  • contextualising
  • theoretical perspectives:
  • Henri Lefebvre spatial theory
  • rhythm analysis
  • spectacle of the city

Beware of the collector mind (ask good questions; pertinent in the field)


  • iterative design action research
  • workshops
  • family history projects
  • community-based
GIS Data – database interoperability, caching data from the cloud, metatagging

Issues of cooperation and copyright

Metadata and communication


Temporary storage of content on device for duration of experience/app use.

Using different source databases

Challenges ~ agreement  between partners re data exchange, data mapping etc.

Need to set up protocols re data sharing – eg how long can content be kept on the device once found “from the cloud’ ie on the different databases

Where is the content stored? On the device itself, on a server?

project to interoperate existing datasets, nationally funded infrastructure project HuNI (Humanities Networked Infrastructure):

From huni on how to link databases – important that the dbs “make their data available in a form which is amenable to being automatically harvested. The mechanism used is the Open Archives Initiative’s Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH). The word “protocol” as used here means a standard form for communication between computers. The OAI-PMH protocol defines how one computer (called a “harvester”) can maintain its own copy of data from a source repository (called a “data provider” in the protocol) by periodically requesting a list of recent additions, updates, and deletions.”

“This document, the Project Management Plan (PMP), provides a high-level road map that guides the project team members and stakeholders in understanding the structure and approach being undertaken for the Humanities Networked Infrastructure (HuNI) Virtual Laboratory project.

It provides the audience with a guide as to how the project has commenced and is being executed, and outlines methodologies, expected deliverables and processes, and intended project partner roles and responsibilities.

It also provides background to the project and an overview of its purpose and scope.”

Maria Velez-Serna’s paper for Screen conference 2011 explains and discusses using geo-databases and also mentions the issue of combining information from different databases “The goal should be to make the underlying data available for further enquiries,

and for integration into broader projects.”



Richard Hull Calvium white paper on some of the practical technical issues to think about when scaling a location-aware app to support large amounts of geo-coded content


Sébastien Caquard report in ‘Progress in Human Geography’ journal on the “growing interest in the relationship between maps, narratives and metanarratives”, argues that “mapping both vernacular knowledge and fiction is central to understanding places in depth” Updated version published 18-1-2013

———– ~ “a collaborative research and educational platform for traveling back in time to explore the historical layers of city spaces in an interactive, hypermedia environment.”  

Collaboration between UCLA and USC, engages with students at school and university level.

“By connecting digital archives, maps, and stories with the physical world, HyperCities aims to become the first media platform for supporting the revolution of Web 3.0, the birth of the geo-temporal human web”.

Mainly Internet-based, but some work with mobile technologies, e.g. Mobile Hi-Fi, tour of Historic Filipinotown, Los Angeles, using GPS enabled Nokia tables (2009).

Introductory video available here:

Says it uses social technologies and enables diverse communities to share content.
EDINA, the national academic data centre based at the University of Edinburgh, established an online repository for geospatial datasets, called ShareGeo Open
Book on The Spatial Humanities: GIS and the Future of Humanities Scholarship .

David J. Bodenhamer (Editor), John Corrigan (Editor), Trevor M. Harris

website from an interdisclipinary workshop on ‘fusion between maps and narratives’ – list of projects/position papers from workshop participants


———– – mapping the bombsites in london in WW2

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